President Aliyev said the agreement was of „historical importance“ and that it was a „capitulation“ of Armenia. The agreement, aimed at ending the conflict between the two nations, was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pachinjan. Since the conflict began in September, several ceasefire agreements have been signed between the two sides, but none have yet been successful. Following the signing of the agreement and the sending of Russian peacekeeping forces, a memorandum was signed by the Russian and Turkish defence ministers regarding the creation of a joint Russian-Turkish observatory in Azerbaijan.  Russia insisted, however, that Turkey`s participation would be limited to operating on Azerbaijani soil from the Observatory and that Turkish peacekeeping forces would not go to Nagorno-Karabakh.   This article was amended on 19 November 2020 to correct the data between which Nakhichevan monuments were destroyed.“ They [Armenian forces] should either voluntarily leave the territory while retaining the agreement, or the heroic Azerbaijani army will retake those countries as before. There is no other choice,“ Said Mevlut Cavusoglu at a press conference in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. The new hostilities between Azerbaijan and the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh, supported by Armenia, began on 27 September 2020. Over the next six weeks, Azerbaijan made several territorial gains that led to the capture of the strategic town of Shusha and led the two sides to agree on a ceasefire agreement on 9 November 2020.  The agreement calls on the Armenian armed forces to cede control of certain areas outside the borders of Nagorno-Karabakh, including the eastern district of Agdam. This area has a strong symbolic weight for Azerbaijan, because its capital, also called Agdam, has been completely looted and the only intact building is the mosque of the city. Aliyev said that Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pachinjan had signed the agreement on the basis of Baku`s „iron fist“ and not because of his own will in Yerevan. His sadness and anger are palpable, but with little hope that the situation will improve.
After all, the Djulfa cemetery, before its destruction, was a Unesco World Heritage Site. „We had no military or political influence. There is no difference between Azerbaijan that is destroying our people and our culture. We are our culture. „Personally, I have made a very tough decision for myself and for all of us,“ Pachinjan said in an online statement, in which he called the terms of the armistice „incredibly painful for me and our people.“ In a video address, Aliyev mocked Pachinjan and said he had signed the agreement because of his „iron fist.“ „The Minsk trio must learn a lesson from this process, especially France. Even after the ceasefire, biased statements are made,“ he said. In a televised address, Ilham Aliyev announced the end of the Karabakh conflict between Baku and Yerevan with the new agreement. According to local media, a large crowd gathered in the Armenian capital, Yerevan, to protest against the agreement. They broke into the Parliament and government buildings and shouted, „We will not give up.“ Crowds say the agreement with Azerbaijan to withdraw is a betrayal after heavy fighting for the disputed enclave On Tuesday, November 10, Russia negotiated a new peace agreement between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the two countries engaged for more than six weeks in a military conflict for the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region in the South Caucasus.