In 2001, the previous meeting (COP6 bis) continued in Bonn, at which the necessary decisions were taken. After some concessions, supporters of the protocol (led by the European Union) managed to secure the agreement between Japan and Russia by allowing more levels of carbon dioxide. Australia finally ratified the 1997 Kyoto Protocol in 2007, under the last laboratory government, after a decade of rejection, when it had originally signed the treaty. But the following leaders turned away again. Climate change is a very divisive topic in Australian politics – the country is highly dependent on coal and a major exporter. There are many noisy climate skeptics in the country, with the ear of the government and a powerful mining lobby. „I will also chair the Australian delegation at the opening of the high-level segment of the UN climate change conference next week in Bali,“ Rudd said. The Bali conference, which opens today, will set out a roadmap for the next climate change action cycle, which will start with the expiry of the current Kyoto targets in 2012. The Kyoto Protocol was drafted in December 1997 and ratified by 175 countries. Australia initially approved the protocol, but later refused to ratify it, even though it was on track to meet its target of limiting emissions growth. The new laboratory government today completed the first four out of six steps required for ratification. Mr. Rudd signed an Executive Council Protocol recommending that Governor General Michael Jeffery authorize ratification.
The Executive Council – Mr Rudd, Major General Jeffery and Deputy Prime Minister Julia Gillard – then met to consider the minutes and the accompanying explanatory memorandum. Major General Jeffery accepted ratification and Mr. Rudd signed the instrument of ratification. . . .