Only the southern states had a large number of slaves. Counting them as part of the population would greatly increase the political power of the South, but it would also mean paying higher taxes. It was a price that the southern states were willing to pay. They pleaded for the census of slaves. The northern states disagreed. Delegates are compromised. Each slave would count as three-fifths of a person. In this compromise was a subject that divided the Convention on the North-South lines. The question was: should slaves be considered part of the population? Under the proposed Constitution, the public would eventually determine three things: Clay was an eternal candidate for the U.S. presidency, but although he won the nomination of the National Republicans in 1832 and the nomination of the Whig Party in 1844, he was never able to garner enough support to win a general election. Despite his defeats to Andrew Jackson in 1832 and James K. Polk (1795-1849) in 1844, Clay is considered one of America`s great statesmen. He devoted himself to the continued preservation of the United States, and his peace efforts in the first half of the 19th century earned him the nicknames „Great Conciliator“ and „Great Conciliator.“ Whether slavery should be regulated by the new Constitution was a matter of conflict so intense between the North and the South that several southern states refused to join the Union if slavery was not allowed.
Delegates opposed to slavery were forced to give in to their demands to completely ban slavery within the borders of the new nation. However, they continued to argue that the Constitution should prohibit states from participating in the international slave trade, including the importation of new slaves from Africa and the export of slaves to other countries. The convention postponed the final decision on the international slave trade because of the contentious nature of the issue to the late discussion. After the Convention completed the amendment of the retail committee`s first draft, several different committees were sent to resolve a new set of unresolved issues.